Know Your Targets
Your doctor will help you work out your personal targets for blood glucose,
blood pressure, blood cholesterol.
*BMI - refers to Body Mass Index. To get your BMI, take your weights in kg
and divide it by the square of your height (in metres). Keep your BMI below
23kg/m2 but not less than 18.5kg/m2.
**LDL cholesterol - refers to 'bad' cholesterol that clogs up blood vessels,
reducing blood flow to important organs.
Monitor Your Blood Pressure
Checking your blood pressure at home helps you keep a closer watch on your
blood pressure and manage your hypertension better. There are many different
types of home blood pressure monitors available. Your doctor will help you
choose one that is best for you and advise you on how to use it.
Go for regular check-ups
Take your antihypertensive medication as prescribed by your doctor
The most commonly used drugs belong to these 5 main groups:
- Calcium channel blockers
- Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
Your doctor will decide which drug is most suitable for you. More than one
drug may be prescribed to keep your BP at an acceptable level. Single drugs
which combine medications from 2 of these groups are also available.
If you are on antihypertensive drugs, note the following:
- Treatment is life long (i.e. you have to continue with the medication), so do discuss the cost of anti-hypertensive medications with your doctor.
- Do not stop or change the dose of your medication without consulting your doctor.
- For effective BP control, make sure you see your doctor regularly to monitor your BP. You can also monitor your BP more frequently at home with an electronic BP monitor.
Remember, long term effective control of blood pressure is crucial in reducing
risks of serious complications of hypertension.